3 Welding Processes Explained

Confused by Welding Processes?

A helpful yet simple explanation to the 3 main welding processes before you buy any welding equipment

Stick Welding

Other name: Shielded Metal Arc welding
Abbreviations: SMAW, FCAW, MMA

A manual welding process, the stick welding process uses an electric current to form an electric arc between the stick and the metals to be joined by means of a power source. This type is often used in the construction of steel structures and in industrial fabrication to weld iron and steel. FCAW (flux cord arc welding) was developed as an alternative to stick welding, the semi-automatic arc weld is often used in construction projects due to high-speed welding and portability.

Stick welding is doing it the old-fashioned way….

MIG Welding

Other name: Gas Metal Arc welding
Abbreviations: MIG or MAG or GMAW

It uses a shielding gas along the wire electrode, which heats up the two metals to be joined. This method requires a constant voltage and direct-current power source, and is the most common industrial welding process.  It has four primary methods of metal transfer: globular, short-circuiting, spray and pulsed-spray.  MIG welders are the most common jobs you see around. MIG welding is often described as Arc Welding in many countries.

MIG welding is one of the easier types of welding for beginners to learn….

TIG Welding

Other name: Gas Tungsten Arc Gas welding
Abbreviations: TIG or GTAW

Welding together thick sections of stainless steel or non-ferrous metals is the most common use for this method. It is also an arc-welding process that uses a tungsten electrode to produce the weld. The TIG welding process is much more time-consuming than MIG or Stick welding and much more complex. If using a welder with AC/DC you can also weld Aluminium.

TIG welding needs a lot more skill and time…

If you are still confused or unsure on the welding processes available to you or even the type of welding equipment you will need for your project, please feel free to send an email with any questions.

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