Revolutionary New Process for Welding Pressure Vessels and Pipes?

The Toolform Programme has assessed the feasibility of using laser welding to add to the existing arc welding expertise already in use by a Sheffield pressure vessels fabricator. The aim was to produce high quality welded components.
The programme is funded by the DTI, Yorkshire Forward and Objective 1.

The brief.

A client of ours, Portobello Fabrications, located in Sheffield, is a leading fabricator of heat exchangers, chemical tanks and pressure vessels. These are for use in the oil, gas and chemicals industry as well as water, food, pharmaceuticals, power generation, and nuclear industries.
The materials used in these products must always be welded reliably to meet stringent welding standard requirements.

Portobello Fabrications specialise in producing components that see extremes of corrosive environment, elevated temperature, or pressure from 2-20 bar. This makes it vital to obtain reliable welds.
By implementing laser welding, considerable savings in set-up times and efficiency can be attained over conventional arc welding.

Material and equipment.

Tubes of 304L stainless steel and IMI 130 Grade 2 titanium, with bore size varying from 40mm to 200mm and 1.5mm, 2mm and 4mm wall thickness.
These were joined using an HL4006D lamp pumped Nd:YAG laser manufactured by Trumpf; with a Kawasaki JS30 robot used to manipulate the beam during welding operations.
The flexibility of fibre optic beam delivery and use of robotic manipulation, were ideal for this application. Particularly for angled butt joints and various configurations of fillet welds, as well as for straightforward circumferential butt welds.


Amongst the advantages of choosing laser welding over arc welding, is the ability to repeatedly weld standard sizes according to programmed routines. This reduces welding time and ensures that manpower can be more effectively distributed.
Welds on non-standard configurations can also be achieved with similar results to the manual arc welding procedures currently employed by Portobello.
Provided that acceptable fit-up can be achieved prior to joining, laser welding can produce single pass welds in the wall thicknesses evaluated with full penetration at welding travel speeds up to 5m/min.

laser welding

This article was provided by the TWI.
TWI is a global leader in technology engineering providing research and consultancy to its members. Respected for its expertise, professionalism, impartiality and confidentiality, TWI works with the most influential companies worldwide across all industry sectors.

Leading the industry are Trumpf-Laser where laser welding is a permanent part now of the electronics production.

Alternatively ESAB, leader’s in new welding and cutting equipment have produced a Hybrid laser welder…..

ESAB’s Hybrio™ hybrid laser welding technology combines the deep weld penetration and low heat input associated with laser welding with the excellent weld properties.
Also, superior gap tolerance of Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW).
A radically new welding alternative, it produces extremely narrow and deep welds at very high travel speeds.
In a single pass, the Hybrio™ process can often achieve what might require multiple weld passes using a conventional fusion welding process.
Heat input to the part is reduced, as is the associated weld shrinkage and distortion that can make post-welding geometry unpredictable – and costly to repair.

The welding process.

Using GMAW in combination with a laser, the Hybrio™ process solves laser-only welding’s limitations. These concern it’s ability to produce acceptable welds in joints with less than perfect fit-up between parts.
This enables a widened, more robust process envelope by a factor of three compared to a conventional laser-only process.
GMAW also allows users to add filler metal to adjust the weld’s metallurgical properties and create beads and fillets, while the slower cooling rate reduces hardness.
These features are especially beneficial when joining high performance carbon and stainless steels.

If you want more information on the various laser welding equipment available or any other application, please contact us.

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8 Responses to Revolutionary New Process for Welding Pressure Vessels and Pipes?


  1. comment
  2. jasonmeur says:

    you got your realities wrong bud it is electro attractive radiation and the grouping of warmth depends on the focal point amplifying light

    • comment
    • Westermans says:

      Thanks Jason for the comment, we don’t profess to be perfect!
      We are a equipment supply company and not involved in Laser welding as an application. As always when buying machinery we recommend you seek advice from the manufacturers and experts in the industry if you are unsure of the welding process.

  3. comment
  4. Martin says:

    Laser welding is a processing of high energy beam and electron beam. The energy density of the laser is achieved by the concentration of light waves not electrons. For more details visit Brantheim.

    • comment
    • Westermans says:

      Thank you for you comments, very much appreciated. Are you saying we have wrongly described the laser welding process?
      The information was obtained from the TWI so your comment has confused us!!
      Feel free to explain further.
      Many thanks

    • comment
    • ANON says:

      you got your facts wrong bud it is electro magnetic radiation and the concentration of heat is based on the lens magnifying light

  5. comment
  6. Esmond Perry says:

    Really a nice content on the laser welding…..!!!!
    I like it very much bro.

    Thanks for the posting and keep updating us on laser products.

  7. comment
  8. vincent moodley says:

    i was very impressed about the laser welding please supply more information about equipment to be used including prices of equipment

    • comment
    • Westermans says:

      It would be great Vincent if you could give us more details on the welds you are doing.
      Assume you are looking for a machine for metal and not plastic laser welding?
      There are some links in the blog to ESAB and Trumpf that should help you to decide the type of machinery you need.
      We will contact you directly to discuss it further.
      Thanks for posting the comment!

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